On 9th April 2019 a female bear, named Ema, has been collared in the Moravian-Silesian Beskydy Mts (a region near Ostrava), in the Czech Republic. It is the effect of a cooperation among researchers from the Mendel University in Brno, Friends of Earth Czech Republic and our team, realized with a support of Nature Conservation Agency of the Czech Republic. The bear wandered into this region of the Czech Republic probably from some areas of permanent occupancy of brown bears in the western Carpathians. She was denning this winter in the region.
Now, the GPS collar will allow to track closely her movements and, if needed, measures to deter her from getting close to human settlements or artificial food could be put into practice.
Such long-distance dispersers are extremely valuable individuals from a conservation point of view. In the case of brown bears, males are mainly the ones performing such long-distance movements; therefore, being Ema a female which has reached an area without a permanent brown bear population, this case is particularly interesting. Those long-distance movements are crucial to maintain the genetic connectivity among and within populations and to support the recovery of large carnivores in Europe.